A 6th Example are the modules for Elf Congo Separation. These were set to differently to say most Offshore separation trains where vessels are stacked in a common module. This example made separation into three trains at a single ground level. The three modules were made into a total system by using a transverse module to connect them and to provide power and pumping. The reason for this approach is that the onshore requirements did not have the pressure on space that the offshore applications demand. They also required delivery in a remote location and were transported by a 5th wheel tractor behind a trailer that could winch the module on or off itself.
Seperation Train Congo
1 Platformer, 1st section Wall Firing
Sulpher Pellet Production
sulphur pellet bandcaster
Hydrogen Production 1
The 1st example is to re mention the Reactor for the Mongstad Refinery.
The 2nd example is the Platformer, a large Voluminous furnace which was modularised to include the furnace its associated combustion system for direct fired burners and its combustion air system.
The 3rd and 4th example are Process Trains where a product is converted into a state suitable for later use often a flour or Pellet. The 3rd Example concerns the conversion of a Bio Ethanol feedstock by drying and subsequently pelletising. The dried Pellet is pressed through a die into pellet doctored by a knife of the screen. These pellets were for burner feed. The 4th examples is a band caster again for the production of pellet but cast in a band belt mould. Both 3 and 4 have capacity built up by a series of linear trains transversely linked to concentrate the production. The attractiveness a making the linear train into a Module is that it can be made in a specialist location and partially tested. Each train when transported to site can be located and provided with transverse feed and collection.
The 5th Example is a Hydrogen Plant which is built up in a Modularised manner. The term Module more concerns the concept of unitisation using modular elements. The key item is the Hydrogen Producer Unit using electrolysis from cells. Each cell has a series of plats and diaphragms. These are factory made in small banks and then a series of banks as modules are connected in parallel, this item is also referenced as a module. A series of these modules are again interlinked to provide the capacity need. The another plant needed for compression, storage are also viewed as modules required to make up a complete hydrogen production facility. What the sheets in this example do is amplify the problems that arise in the certification of the plant contents and the plant in total for where it might be built and used. The production of the key component is the cell itself it may be used in its location of origin. Alternatively it might be used in the EU (CE Marking EN compliance etc). Finally it might be used in the USA where there is a need for it to be as American as possible as far as compliance and not foreign to local requirements. The other products used in the process such as storage tanks are also of a style with minimal advantage from modularisation and acceptable for local purchase which might mitigate the importation of the prime object, the Modularised Cell.
Finally some processes require high vertical columns that in themselves are a problem to modularise. Offshore this can be acceptable where the module is a marine lift on but onshore complications occur where often the module may have to pass under a bridge or where power lines occur etc. Another approach for columns is that the column itself is dressed with instrumentation platforms and pipework as in Section 5 Modules Onshore. Often delivered in the horizontal mode it is raised into the vertical with cranes and the base tailed in by another crane or fed on a temporary tilting base which is removed just prior to lifting into its final place.
3 PlatformerLoad Out
4 Platformer, Insitu at Site
Hydrogen Plant Study 2 Code Conversion
Hydrogen Production 3 Code Area Influence
a general understanding of Modules
Index, Section 5, Modules Onshore
C2V Where you see this, Click too View
Pelletiser Storage Module
Pelletiser Module System Elev
2 Platformer, Leg
This has in Section 5 Modules Onshore been used to demonstrate that not all items, particularly large and heavy are suitable for Modularisation. The Reactor and its Column preceed subsequent CO2 Boiler in Section 5c Boiler Onshore